A victim of trafficking can suffer a range of crimes, from assault, rape, abuse and other forms of cruel and inhumane treatment, to fraud, forgery, kidnapping, forced labour and other crimes. The experience can have long-lasting affects on the victim's physical and mental health, as well as their ability to earn a living.

Compensation, even symbolic compensation, can act as further recognition of the injustice suffered by the trafficked person. More substantive compensation, calculated on both material and non-material loss, give her a tool to rebuild her life and avoid the cycle of re-trafficking to repay debts or just to survive.