What We Do

Research and Policy


The Past Behind: Why Some Trafficking Victims Decline Assistance



Implementing Agencies: Eban Centre for Human Trafficking for Studies
Geographic Scope: Ghana and Nigeria
Years: 2017-2018

Project Summary: The program will comprise two research projects namely; examining the state and impact of reintegration programs in Ghana; a report on why victims of trafficking decline assistance offered by reintegration programs and examining the factors underlying resistance of trafficked persons to reintegration programs. The study is currently undergoing in Ghana from 2017 to 2018.


Theoretically Examining the Resistance of Trafficked Persons to Reintegration Programs.


Implementing Agencies: Eban Centre for Human Trafficking for Studies
Geographic Scope: Ghana and Nigeria
Years: 2017-2018

Project Summary: A comprehensively well-designed reintegration and assistance program, which will assist, and aid in the recovery of trafficked children and women in particular. Programs of this nature will aid victims in reducing the vulnerability of trafficked individuals while creating economic and social opportunities to trafficked persons. This notwithstanding, victims often decline assistance offered by reintegration programs. To examine the factors underlying decisions responsible for their resistance and experiences. It is necessary to understand the reasons, experiences and perceptions of persons who decline to part take in reintegration programs may play a role in designing a program that will be met with a low level of resistance by victims. The conceptual questions will include; what reasons or factors underlie trafficking persons decline to assistance? What happens to individuals who decline reintegration assistance?

The study is currently undergoing in Ghana from 2017 to 2018. The project comprises two separate research projects; examining the impact of reintegration programs of trafficked persons in Ghana; examining the factors underlying resistance of trafficked person to reintegration programs; Examining the state. The objective of the study is to describe the challenges of service providers, trafficked children and women face after post trafficking. It will also seek to find out existing post-trafficking reintegration programs to examine the impact of reintegration programs in Ghana. Recommendations will be made to increase the needs of the diverse population who fall within the category of trafficking.

The research project is currently being conducted by EBAN Centre for Human Trafficking Studies




Examining the state and impact of reintegration programs in Ghana


Implementing Agencies: Eban Centre for Human Trafficking for Studies
Geographic Scope: Ghana and Nigeria
Years: 2017-2018

Project Summary: The period after trafficking marks the beginning of a labyrinth and complex process of recovery and reintegration. It is necessary that trafficked persons recover from the effects of trafficking exploitation. In the Post trafficking period, victims are often in need of short and long-term assistance needs which are related to trafficking experiences. This may include; physical and mental health, economic situation, safety and security legal issues and needs within family, housing and accommodation, economic prosperity amongst others. Needs may come in the form of short and long-term needs related to and in most cases caused by trafficking experiences. It is necessary based on the needs of trafficked persons the need to navigate and tackle the underlying issues of vulnerabilities that have contributed to being trafficked which may thwart the efforts that envisioned by a reintegration program. This paper will address the issues of trafficked person, their identity issues, vulnerabilities and resilience at the different stages of their lives. It will also seek to address the how vulnerability and resilience are influenced by one's social environment like; family and community. A policy document will be drafted in this regard.

The research project is currently being conducted by EBAN Centre for Human Trafficking Studies




A report on why Victims of Trafficking Decline Assistance (2018)


Implementing Agencies: Eban Centre for Human Trafficking for Studies
Geographic Scope: Ghana and Nigeria
Years: 2017-2018

Project Summary: A number of victims of trafficking are offered assistance and they decline. With no systematized knowledge on the subject, it has been difficult to understand the reasons behind these decisions to decline assistance, what happened to these women after and as a result of declining assistance, and what paths their lives took after dropping out of contact with the assistance system. Understanding the reasons, experiences and perceptions of person who do not participate in assistance program can play an important role in developing and tailoring anti-trafficking services to meet the needs and desires of as many trafficking victims as possible.

Project Publications and Studies: Results of the research project will include a full-length academic exploration and summary report for practitioners and policy makers




Human Trafficking in the Volta Region of Ghana: Implications for Counseling and Rehabilitation of Victims


Geographic Scope: Ghana
Years: 2017-2022

Project Summary: This study investigated the practice of human trafficking and its implications for counseling and rehabilitation of victims in Ghana. The sample consisted of fifty victims of human trafficking in Ghana. To accomplish this research objective, three research questions were formulated. The research will adopt an expost facto research design and the instrument for data collection was a 30 - item questionnaire titled, "Human Trafficking Practice Questionnaire (HTPQ)". Descriptive statistics of frequency scores and percentage counts will be used to analyze the data.

Project Publications and Studies: Results of the research project will include a full-length academic exploration and summary report for practitioners and policy makers




Trafficking Victims Re/integration Programme (TVRP)


Geographic Scope: Ghana
Years: 2017-2022

Project Summary: In 2017, Eban Centre for Human Trafficking Studies launched the Trafficking Victims Re/integration of Programme (TVRP) to enhance the scope and capacity of reintegration programs and services for trafficking victims in the Ghana. The program was designed based on findings from Eban's assessment of victim assistance in Ghana, and also in countries where national victims were increasingly being identified. To ensure that trafficking victims would receive the assistance and support required to recover and reintegrate after trafficking.

The overall objectives of the TVRP were: To support programs this will result in the sustainable reintegration of trafficking victims; To build the capacity of NGOs to provide reintegration services and support; To encourage cooperation and synergies with government services and national referral mechanisms To identify effective and human rights centered models of and approaches to reintegration of trafficking victims; To promote sustainable reintegration programs in the region, which will continue beyond the scope of the TVRP.

Project Publications and Studies: Results of the research project will include a full-length academic exploration and summary report for practitioners and policy makers




Challenges In Reintegration Programmes In Ghana


Geographic Location: Ghana
Years: 2017-2022

Project Summary: There have been an identification of improving reintegration assistance as one of the highest priorities in Ghana. The project aims to analyze the effectiveness of reintegration processes and structures; to learn whether current services are meeting reintegration needs and what can be done to ensure that trafficked person's needs are met through existing programs and policies.


This initiative was comprised of two phases:
Phase 1: Desk review/state of the art on reintegration services in the region. UNIAP, in 2010, conducted a review of all existing information and research about reintegration in the region. This information was made available to all stakeholders in the region through the UNIAP website.


Phase 2: National practitioner forums. National Practitioner Forums will be held in Ghana to map out and analyze existing reintegration assistance mechanisms in the region. National practitioner forums facilitated the collection of information on existing services and procedures for reintegration in the Ghana, as well as the perspectives of service providers in terms of what was working well and where issues and challenges lay.

Phase 3: Primary research on trafficked persons' experiences of reintegration in Ghana conducted by Eban Centre for Human Trafficking Studies. Well-designed reintegration and assistance programs may assist trafficked persons with the challenging task of recovery and reintegration following a trafficking experience. But ensuring that reintegration efforts are responsive to the needs of trafficked persons requires a constant process of reflection and evaluation - to learn what services are (and are not) effective, to identify any gaps in service provision and to consider the specific factors that support (or inhibit) trafficked persons' return and integration into families and communities. Moreover, many trafficked persons in Ghana are never identified or assisted, which necessitates a better understanding of the reasons for this and what can be done to meet the reintegration needs of these unserved trafficked persons. This study explores the experiences of some trafficked persons who received assistance as well as those who, for various reasons, did not or chose not to. Findings focus on: 1) Challenges in the reintegration process; 2) Issues in the provision of individualized reintegration services, 3) Issues in the philosophies, capacities and behaviors of practitioners and authorities working on reintegration, and 4) Critical issues in the reintegration of trafficked children.

Project Publications and Studies: This reintegration initiative had three main outputs as outlined below.



Capacity Building


Program for the Enhancement of Anti-trafficking Responses by Ghana and Data Collection and Information Management (DCIM)
Geographic Scope: Ghana
Years: 2017-2018

Project Summary: Proposing a framework or mechanisms to be used by state agencies and non-profit organizations involved in combatting human trafficking in Africa. This will include regional criteria for a data base system and developing and installing a database within each participating country, developing and dissemination a handbook on the database usage and provision of training on database usage for each participating country.


Phase I: To strengthen the capacities of SEE countries to systematically collect and manage data and information relevant to trafficking in human beings and


To contribute to the harmonization of data related to trafficking in human beings in SEE countries in the areas of prevention, protection and prosecution by developing regional criteria and agreed common indicators. In this regard, the project supported the development of two distinct database systems to support governments in their anti-trafficking data collection work


Victim-centered database: Collects data about trafficked persons, for prevention work and the protection and assistance of trafficking victims.


Trafficker-centered, criminal justice database: Collects data about perpetrators of human trafficking, tracking their cases through the full legal and judicial process. Tool for tracking, monitoring and evaluating trafficking prosecutions.


Phase II: This phase aimed to strengthen the capacities of participating countries to monitor, evaluate and review their National Anti-Trafficking Responses. The focus was to train local actors on the utilization of the collected data in the design of effective policies and targeted programmatic activities corresponding to the specific needs and trends of each country.


This designation is without prejudice to positions on status and in line with UNSCR 1244 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo Declaration of Independence."


Project Publications and Studies: Results of the research project will include a full-length academic exploration and summary report for practitioners and policy makers




AU's Response to Human Trafficking In Africa


This paper will examine the role of the in combatting human trafficking. The paper will utilize a mixed methodology to examine the response of the state and civil society on the effects of human trafficking in Africa, using both qualitative analysis. This method has been selected to incorporate both a broad-reaching evaluation of mechanisms within Ghana directed at combating human trafficking and a detail-focused perspective of how these mechanisms have affected trafficking patterns throughout Ghana. To comprehensively evaluate the effectiveness of the state and civil society in combating human trafficking in Africa, the qualitative analysis used in this paper is based on the various US Department of State's Trafficking in Persons Reports.

Project Publications and Studies: Results of the research project will include a full-length academic exploration and summary report for practitioners and policy makers



Curbing Trafficking Through Sports, Employment and Education Agencies In Ghana


Scope: Ghana
Years: 2017-2018

Project Summary: Eban in partnership to explore ways to stop the trafficking of Ghanaians through in international sporting events, employment agencies, education only to be sold for sex trafficking.


Project Publications and Studies: Results of the research project will include a full-length academic exploration and summary report for practitioners and policy makers




Identifying Potential Human Trafficking Agents and Situations En route to the Sahel and Mediterranean


Scope: Ghana and the Sahel
Years: 2017-2018

Project Summary: Eban in partnership with individuals and agencies (like Uber) must not appear in the website to stop the trafficking of Ghanaians through Illegal Migration


Project Publications and Studies: Results of the research project will include a full-length academic exploration and summary report for practitioners and policy makers





Developing a Tool to help Law Enforcement Identify Minors Trapped In Sex Trafficking


Scope: Ghana and the Sahel
Years: 2017-2018
Project Summary: Eban is developing a tool to help law enforcement personnel identify minors trapped in sex trafficking situations. The objective of this tool is to sort large amounts of online data using smart algorithms to prioritize cases, elevate high risk individuals and significantly reduce investigative time for officers throughout Ghana


Project Publications and Studies: Results of the research project will include a full-length academic exploration and summary report for practitioners and policy makers

The Human Trafficking Conversation Series convenes experts to address and raise public awareness of distinct aspects of human trafficking. Eban has also hosts two Human Trafficking Symposiums consisting of daylong events with action-oriented breakout sessions and panel discussions from leading experts and congressional leaders.



Communication Department


Communication Department is responsible for managing the social media presence of Eban, penning down short news articles and developing content for newsletter for the organizations